The city of Rome Italy is one of culture and history. From the Italian cobble streets, street art and sculptures remands of ancient Renaissance Rome to the majestic Colosseum. Let’s check out the sights and sounds of the Italian capital city.

Welcome to Rome Italy, we have giant medical amphitheaters here
Welcome to Rome Italy, we have giant medical amphitheaters here.

City and the Pantheon

Moreover, Rome is also a special commune of Italy and itself was a centre of the Renaissance globally. Interestingly, the city architecture you see here is the birthplace of the world’s classical architecture. It started as the grounds for new radical forms of engineering structures. Examples includes the use of gravity-assisted structured, such as Arches, domes and vault elements which allows for large cavernous building interiors we see used even today.

Piazza Navona Square, one of the several buzzing marketplaces here in Rome Italy
Piazza Navona Square, one of the several buzzing marketplaces here in Rome Italy.

This is evident in cathedrals and churches in the city. This of course led to the birth and inspiration of neoclassical architecture we see from the mid-18th century in pretty much of Europe. You can find a number of such structures here right in Rome.

The Pantheon, a former Roman temple in Rome Italy
The Pantheon, a former Roman temple.

Additionally, the Pantheon is a former Roman temple in the city center, built from 113 to 125 AD as a temple. It is said to be dedicated to “all the gods of the past, present and future”. It has an impressive Rotunda a central opening (oculus) pointing up to the sky.

Pantheon interior
Temple of Venus and Rome
Campidoglio

A notable central hub of Rome Italy is the Piazza Venezia Square. The Palazzo Venezia served as the embassy of the Republic of Venice in Rome and is also site of the Italy’s Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

The iconic Piazza Venezia Square Rome Italy
The iconic Piazza Venezia Square.

Piazza del Campidoglio

Additional notable places of interest when exploring the town is the Piazza del Campidoglio. It sits in front of a large green field with a long row of steps leading to the top. It is a masterpiece of Renaissance by Michelangelo, who also is the renowned artist behind the St. Peter’s Basilica, art and famous David marble statue.

Up the Piazza del Campidoglio stairs Rome Italy
Up the Piazza del Campidoglio stairs, a major landmark in Rome Italy.

Roman Ruins

Also, a copy of the Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius sits at the center of the square to complete the picture. Behind it, you can catch breathtaking views of Roman ruins and one of the largest in one area of the city.

Roman ruins from the rear of the Piazza del Campidoglio Rome Italy
Roman ruins from the rear of the Piazza del Campidoglio.

Piazza Navona

Moreover, the current city of Rome is pretty much modeled around the Ancient Roman city it is built upon. Hence, it is not uncommon to see bits of ancients ruins popping out between streets in the city, with most them situated mainly around the city’s capitol area. Littered throughout the city are also various public open squares which serves as events areas like the Piazza Navona.

A buzzing Piazza Navona with a full market place.  Rome Italy
A buzzing Piazza Navona with a full market place.

These plazas typically hold events, and serve as marketplaces hawking leather goods shop, jewellery, food stuff and street paintings. Piazza Navona is one such open plaza and marketplace built since the 1st century AD.

Gelato ice cream, there are many stores here in town you can grab a cooling dessert in the summer heat. Rome Italy
Gelato ice cream, there are many stores here in town you can grab a cooling dessert in the summer heat.

When you are done with your lunch and ice cream, also, here, you can find the Fountains Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi. Fountains crafted after Roman gods, such as Neptune, the god of water. Sitting center stage in the plaza is the Obelisco Agonale Obelisk.

Dine-in
Plaza fountain
Shops

Towering over the city, you can also catch the Castel Sant’Angelo, otherwise known as the Mausoleum of Hadrian. It is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano Built in 123–139 AD and once the tallest building in the city from its height vantage point. Today, it is a public museum.

Castel Sant’Angelo
Statues
Onward Colosseum!

Now, lets check out a highlight in Rome, the iconic Colosseum amphitheater. Feast your eyes on the vast architecture marvel of early human engineering.

Exploring the vast Colosseum

Underground walkways visible on the inner arena grounds of the Colosseum Rome Italy
Underground walkways visible on the inner arena grounds of the Colosseum.

Furthermore, the Colosseum is a must see wonder of the world right here in the heart of the city. It was built for Roman rulers Vespasian, ‎Titus in 70–80 AD. The entrance is where a rather out-of-place ticketing counter reside, where you enter into a inner courtyard and museum.

Ticketing
Building schematics
Interior museum

The areas below the seating areas barely very similar layout to many modern stadiums we see today, with circling outer courtyards and entrance to the grandstand area. It is an architecture marvel, considering it had been standing for over two millenniums.

The Colosseum exterior, with parts of it's inner wall visible
The Colosseum exterior, with parts of it’s inner wall visible.

Interestingly, you can find several pock-holes seen on the walls of the inner building of the Colosseum. It looks like someone had gone crazy and chipping parts of the wall. Actually, those holes were where stabilizing iron clamps (an estimated 200 to 300 tons) used to reside.

More museum areas
Up the floors
Ground alley

They were structural in nature and used to hold the building’s stone structure together. However, these iron clamps, as well as weapons and fixtures were looted over the years, leaving behind the marks you see today.

Exterior facade of the Colosseum, Rome Italy
Exterior facade of the Colosseum, Rome Italy.

The world’s largest amphitheater

The Colosseum is alot smaller in person than what you think it is. Probably influenced by the size typically portrayed by it in movies. A large void sits at the center of the Colosseum arena grounds, which caved in due to age. Check out the vast arena grounds

180 degree aerial panorama of Colosseum grounds, Rome Italy

This exposes the various intricate underground tunnels below the arena ground. These tunnels served as trapdoors where animals or gladiators can be put onto the arena.

180 degree panorama of the Colosseum floor

In addition, the Colosseum today still holds the record as the world largest amphitheater. Though not to be confused with “Stadium”. It is the venue for gladiator shows and other public events. Legend speaks the Colosseum also hosted large naval battles. Here, the amphitheatre floor was filled with water to allow battle ships to sail within. No word on how they kept the water in though!

Event area
Arch of Constantine
Roman Forum ruins

Additionally, wrapping up, situated not too far from the Colosseum is the Arch of Constantine. It is a Triumphal arch built in AD 315, used to cerebrate victories particularly of a military nature. It does bare a resemble to the Paris Arc de Triomphe of a similar nature.

Majestic Trevi fountain

Also, like most European countries, you can find peculiar public drinking fountains. Large and small. Interestingly, the water is drinkable and a handy spot for refilling your bottles.

Trevi fountain at Palazzo Poli in Rome, an iconic public fountain sculpture Rome Italy
Trevi fountain at Palazzo Poli in Rome, an iconic public fountain sculpture in Rome.

Speaking of fountains, the Trevi Fountain is another highlight to visit in the Trevi district in Rome, Italy. Also, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most recognisable and famous Public fountains in the world, also appearing in several notable films.

180 degree aerial panorama Trevi, Rome Italy

Built on 1762, the fountain was designed by Italian architect Nicola Salvi and completed by Giuseppe Pannini. The fountain is a work of art complete with statues and an intricate backdrop standing 26 metres tall and about 50m wide.

All in all, Rome is a city of high culture. Whether it is street buskers, painters on the streets or marketplaces hawking local produce, it is one eternal city wrapped in the arts, fashion and historic architecture. With that in hand, lets continue with our tour of Italy with Rome for an entire day, with time to check out neighboring regions, such as the city of Florence and the Vatican City.

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