Good morning Vietnam! Land of the Pho and Coffee! Vietnam is a South East Asian nation geographically north of Thailand and beside Laos running and facing the South China Sea. As such it is one of the best places in South East Asia for seafood and home to few of the sandy beaches in the region. Vietnam is one of the 12 countries which make up ASEAN, comprising of countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore to name a few. Today I will be looking at Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam.

Hanoi Airport
Welcome to Hanoi
Airport Interior

Within Vietnam, Hanoi lies on the right bank of the Red River. It is situated 1,760 km north of the next busiest Vietnamese city- Ho Chi Minh City, and is 120 km west of Hai Phong city. Hanoi was the most important political center of Vietnam.

The city served as the capital of French Indochina from 1902 to 1954 prior being eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). It became the capital of North Vietnam from 1954 to 1976. Following the North’s victory in the Vietnam- American war, it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam from 1976 till today.

There are many things to see and do in Hanoi. With a present estimated city population of 7.7 million people, Hanoi is the country’s second largest city by population. Most of the city activities reside within its metropolitan area, surrounded by an outer city of farmlands.


Motorcycles are synonymous to any Vietnamese city and Hanoi is no exception. Traffic enforcement and road crossings often does not involve right of way but rather, anyone who manages to get in front of traffic has the right of way. This gave rise to the term “blind crossing” where simply blindly crossing the road gets you safer to the other side than even using pedestrian crossings.

Typical Hanoi traffic
Hanoi Streets
Scooter rush

There are no metro or subway systems here, only buses. Vietnam is also one of the few countries which you can call an Uber (or grab) motorcycle ride- one of the most efficient (but outrageously dangerous) ways to get around the city.

simply blindly crossing the road gets you safer to the other side than even using pedestrian crossings. Despite the chaos, Vietnam is home to few of the best drivers in the region.

Despite the chaos, Vietnam is home to few of the best drivers in the region, somehow the traffic here will work itself out. Traffic here has its own set of codes here and horns are effective methods of driver to driver communication.

Sword Lake

One of the best places to experience Hanoi is to visit the Old town or “Old Quarters”, which is by a picturesque Lake also known as Hồ Gươm, meaning “Lake of the Returned Sword” or simply just Sword Lake. The legend here has it that Le Loi King made a sword from a metal bar which the words “Thuan Thien” (harmonious with heaven) were suddenly etched onto.

One day he returned the sword to the Dragon King via a tortoise took the sword down this lake. From then on, Thuy Quan (now Hoan Kiem) became Hoan Kiem lake.

The lake in the day
Turtle Tower
Sword lake embankments

The lake water itself is greenish-blue depending on the reflection of the sky and of course, full of tortoises. It is one of the major scenic spots in the city and serves as a focal point for its public life.

Sword Lake Panorama


Prominent lake features here will be the Turtle Tower (Tháp Rùa) in the center of the lake a lone sculpture sitting seemingly out of place in the middle of the lake.

Temple on the lake
Locals by the lake
Government buildings

At night the tower is illuminated by flood lights where the entire lake region also comes to life with night life. Being the capital of Vietnam, Hanoi is also home to several Government buildings, with several of such buildings prominently situated around the Lake too, distinguished by their large country flags.

Children at play
Sword Lake at night
Lake shopping areas at night

The Old Quarters

Since the early trading days, at the beginning of the 20th century Hanoi consisted of the “36 streets”, the citadel, and some of the newer French buildings south of Hoàn Kiếm lake, most of which are now part of present Hoàn Kiếm district. Each of these streets are famous for its specializations in trades such as traditional medicine and local handicrafts, including silk shops, bamboo carpenters, and metal smiths. These streets makes up the core of the Old Quarters here see merchants and households coming together for trade, each specializing in their own respective field of trade.

Old Quarters
Shops at the Old Quarters
Open roads

The Old Quarters today still maintains most of the original street layout and some of the architecture of old Hanoi. Though most of the old stalls are now graded and home to commercial entities, such as electronic stores, restaurants serving local cuisine specialties as well as several cafes, clubs and bars, which attracts crowds, especially at night. There are also several interesting wares and musings too, such as preserved meat jerky as well as shops full of aromatic ground coffee.

Meaty Delicacies
Wet Markets
Coffee Shop

The street names today still reflect these specializations, although few of them remain exclusively in their original commerce which you can still find on a stroll through the criss-crossing streets of the Old Quarters.

Food and Night Markets

Every Friday, Saturday, and Sunday evening, a night market in the heart of the Old Market district opens for business. The night market starts off from Hàng Giấy street from the Hang Dau Water Tank (Bốt nước Hàng Đậu, a historical landmark), with lines of open air-stores down the road through Đồng Xuân Market, and running all down to Hàng Đào road towards the Sword Lake.

Đồng Xuân Market
Old district shopping
Street food stores

The night market stores are setup right on the middle of the roads, converting them essentially into a pedestrian road hawking a variety of clothing, souvenirs and food. With the exception of high-end malls such as the Trang Tien Plaza along Trang Tien street, large malls are rare in Hanoi, and the Hoàn Kiếm district is where you can mostly find most of the mainstream shopping in Hanoi, particularly a choice of the locals too. Here you find mostly small family-owned stores selling goods of the trade.

Panorama of Đồng Xuân Market at night.


When shopping at the markets, a general rule of thumb is to bargain down 30% of the initial offer price. It is not uncommon to be able to bring the price of a sports apparel T-Shirt riddled with branded logos (Under Amour, Adidas clothing and North face bags) are really popular here from 400,000 VND down to 100,000 each. You stand a better chance of obtaining lower rates if you bundle in more items. The night markets open till late, often past midnight where you start to see shops starts wrapping up for the evening.

Night Market down along Hàng Đào road


Food is generally very affordable in Hanoi. There are plenty of dine-in restaurants which you can get servings of authentic Vietnamese food to eat in comfort. Unless you have a good stomach, it will not be recommend to dine at the road side street hawkers as hygiene and sanitation is highly questionable. But you will be fine in restaurant establishments which you can find around the Hoàn Kiếm district area.

Clothing shops
Market toys
Street side coffee

Some other prominent places include the Flag Tower of Hanoi- it is a massive part of the 900-year-old Hanoi Citadel was discovered in central Hanoi, near the site of Ba Đình Square. A visit to Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum to see the body of Ho Chin Min involves at least 2 hour queuing wait. This is also where you can find the One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) which was built in 1049 based on the dream of king Lý Thái Tông (1028-1054). It can be found in the Buddhist temple which resides within.

Being a North Vietnam city, it is not unusual to see communist propaganda posters littered across billboards and signs all around the city. With a single party currently in control of the city, communism is still pretty much the way of life here, in contrast to the more liberal South Vietnam. As such it is not uncommon to still see people wearing Vietcong army helmets on the streets, a move mostly shunned by the people of South Vietnam.

In all, Hanoi is one of the few cities offering a blast into the past. The slow and simple pace of life, coupled with really low standard of living does allow you to stretch your dollar far in a region not too far off from home.

View more photos of Hanoi here.


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