Since my unconditional undergrad offer to study engineering in Cambridge, I’ve never really found the time to write about my experience of the selection process and the interview I went through to be shortlisted. But heck it was really competitive, going against the top dogs in the best JCs in Singapore, not to mention scholars from around the region as well- A dinky neighborhood schooled and polytechnic student like me really felt out of place there, but I am glad I made the difference. I will just share part of the experience here.

The interview
The interviewer started by seeing me into the room after shaking hands and exchanging greetings. The room was set in a dimly lit incandescent atmosphere, very cozy, warm and casual, despite the presence of classroom florescent lights- which were left off. This is very unlike interviews we have in Singapore universities, particularly the one I went for scholarships where everything seem to be quite alot more ridged and authoritative.

We started with some icebreaker questions, the interviewer amusingly said that I was the first so far he had interviewed in Singapore who came from a polytechnic background, something very fresh and different from all the other A-level students he had interviewed so far. Though I do not want to draw any conclusions from that remark I guess I was a breakaway from the traditional stereotype which usually only makes up of junior college students.

So the questions, we started with quite a few general maths questions, followed by curve sketching. In my case, these were logarithmic curves and polynomials with or without asymptotes. I managed to get all of them sketched, but was stuck on the last. The interviewer, seeing that I was stuck nudged me in the right direction at times providing hints and we managed to solve the last one together. That came out quite without a hitch, though I do not really favor like such questions which can be done by memorizing math textbooks.

Next I was told that a large part of engineer’s work involves in the estimation of quantities, so I was told to calculate the mass of oxygen in the classroom we are in. Ahha! finally, a proper “thinking question”. That was fairly straight forward, but otherwise still quite linear as well. So digging from the depths of my cranium on thermodynamics, I managed to derive a formula using the ideal gas equation, with temperature, pressure constant and using the volume of air in the room (which can measured and calculated) to find the number of mols in the air, then multiplied by the constituent percentage of oxygen in the air and the relative atomic mass of a pair of oxygen atoms from the periodic table itself. And.. there’s the answer to “umm 3 s.f?” I exclaimed. The interviewer simply chuckled and nodded lightly on hearing that. Fair enough, but I guess no eye-brows raised from the interviewers though, then things started to be more interesting.

The interviewer then skimmed through my personal statement, impressed by the motion simulator I’ve built with my team in my polytechnic days, he asked me how it works, which I gladly explained using a sketch and some schematics I drew on the spot on an empty piece of paper between us- how it’s used for driving, for flight simulation, etc.

When done, the interviewer asked me how a plane flies. From here I came to realize that a bulk of the questions asked can depend largely on what your interests are and your statement, though such questions can also come randomly to anybody.

So I sat and thought a moment, I went about the need for the wings to generate enough lift or upthrust to counter the weight (W) of a plane through an ingenuous design of the wing which promotes a region of low pressure above the wing and a region of relatively higher pressure on the bottom of the wing. This is of course due to the differences in velocity the air particles will take to travel over the surface of the wing. The differences of the pressure creates a net resultant upward force, which translates to lift and causes a plane to fly. Thereafter I tied down the analogy to how a golf and cricket ball flies with the lift it creates by spinning as well, interesting way to expand on the question which could lead possibly anywhere thereafter.

Building on that, he told me that now I’ve got my plane in the air, how am I going to get the air moving fast enough for that to happen? I mentioned that it needed forward thrust from an engine which led to a question on how a plane engine works.

In that split second, at that moment the only thing I could think of was propeller planes, which lead me thinking of radial engines (typical in world war 2 planes and Harley Davidson motorcycles), so that means explaining how internal combustion piston engines work. That should be OK, but a propeller uses a “wing like” structure to produce trust which has an answer similar to the previous question as well, is that what the interviewer wanted? Despite all that which went though my mind at that instant, all I remembered saying was “Propeller engine?”

The interviewer smiled and told me the most favorite quote of the whole interview, while pointing to the plane sketch I have on the paper between us.

“No, that will be too easy! I want my plane to have a jet engine…”

I simply went “huh?”. I was paused for a moment to process the new information, my mind was in a mess for that instant, then I calmed myself and then recalled that a jet engine is essentially a gas turbine engine. Then I recalled gas turbines running in helicopters, some formula boats, power stations as well as the M1 Abrams tank. I struggled to think of the components of the gas turbine which I knew I through general knowledge but could not remember it as that instant and the given interview pressure at that time.

Then calmly, I recalled a picture from memory of the engine of a Boeing 747 having a spinning turbo fan at the front of the engine, turbo fan equals air intake, which means a suction body to compress air- a compressor! So with a new stack of paper, I went on drawing an anatomy of a jet engine start from the front air compressor. A gas turbine is essentially a combustion engine, so I drew the combustion chamber after the compressor where the high pressure air and fuel mixture are ignited.

That was as far as I recalled. Then I fell back to my chair, stuck again knowing that there was a third and last part to it. Seeing that I was stuck, the interviewer hinted:

“All engines need to put the power from combustion somewhere, right?”

That lit the light bulb on my head- just like a piston engine which does work from the combustion stroke to push the piston down to spin the crankshaft, the gas turbine super-heated fuel needs to spin a shaft, how it does that is to run the superheated gases through another work turbine at the end which allows the shaft to do work (which in turns coupled to the intake turbine in a recurring process)! wowo!

I never formally studied a Jet engine in school, I was glad that went all well and I was on a roll- Thereafter we went on the applying (and deriving) the Newton Laws of motion on how it applies to our jet engine case where the exhaust gases produce thrust due to the action reaction pair (and transfer of momentum) between the plane and the surrounding air all with real life examples. Excellent!

Wrapping it up
Before we know it, “oh we are out of time” said the interviewer glancing at the room clock and turning back to the pile of sketched A4 papers between us (which I used to draw and illustrate the questions throughout the interview). Seeing that, I shrugged and started arranging the pile, remarking: “Mmmm maybe I should’ve… umm…. used less paper…”, then the interviewer laughingly said with a smile, “No, that was fine!”.

Time really passed very fast when you are having fun and I was surprised the interview lasted an actual 35-40 minutes while I thought only 15 has passed. The interviewer then asked about financial matters and my scholarship before opening questions from my side where he answered my queries regarding the annual solar eco-race for engineers, as well as the exchange program with MIT. In closing we shook hands again and the interviewer saw me out of the room before heading back in again.

Closing
The interview really turned out far better than what I thought it was to be, it was rather enjoyable as a matter of fact. In fact they were rather professional in keeping you cool and comfortable, it was a blast, so don’t worry about it. The interviewer really made me feel that Cambridge was a great fit for me and I am glad they saw it that way.

Looking back, I particularly like the way the interview is structured, particularly the general questions where anything under the sun related to your field can be asked, forcing you to think out of the box and within your comfort zone of what textbooks or what any dinky “ten-year series” can offer, which should be the case. Remember, the interview aims to test your “unlearnt knowledge”, so the best is to go in as yourself with an open mind, that is the best advice I can give when I come to realize after the interview. Each interview is of course unique to the applicant and will differ.

Hehheh I hope my college director of studies won’t go after me for sharing this interview here. So if you are reading this in preparations for yours, I hope this experience will provide you an eye opener on what to expect in yours.

All the best and have a great interview!

21 COMMENTS

  1. Thanks Mate, I’m a mature student (22) studying Maths with the Open University and I am applying for Engineering at Cambridge for 2011 entry. I’m glad that you wrote about your personal experience through the interview; this will help me prepare myself for it.

    Cheers.

  2. it’s been wonderful to chance upon your blog senior! thanx for sharing your experience!

    i’ve some doubts in mind. which unis in uk are known for EEE?

    I’m looking at imperial, UCL and either oxbridge and cambridge. are there any others?

    is it true that oxbridge and cambridge offer general engin?

    currently i’m in year3(yet to serve NS),when is the appropiate time to apply through UCAS? Possible to get 2 years deferment of placement?

    How did you apply your scholarship? did you apply it through brightspark?

    I apologise for ask you so many questions!! =)))

    • Hey hw, from most friends I know taking EEE, imperial will usually be a better choice, but that doesn’t mean there are no people taking EEE in Oxbridge unis, you can always consider that an option.

      From the poly friends in my batch, only imperial/KCL offer exemptions if you are a diploma student (at least one year for sure), it might be longer or shorter depending on what modules you’ve already taken in your polytechnic course. Not sure on UCL though, but I think they should do the same too, no harm emailing and asking their admissions office on that either.

      There are no exemptions offered in Oxbridge.

  3. Shaun,That is really helpful,thank you for sharing the top tips.I will be applying to Cambridge this month ,for Engineering in 2011.Would you be able to help with my queries?
    Would it betetr to apply to a specific college or to the pool.

    I have high scores in Maths,Physics and Further Math but only 90% in Chmeistry (due to getting a B in the practical component).Would it be wiser to apply to a College not seeking chemistry grades?

    And lastly,was your interviewer an Engineering Dept staff?
    Looking forward to hearing from you

    • Hi Shan, you can apply direct to a college or enter a pool.

      Applying either way doesn’t give you an edge or advantage anyway as all will have to adhere to the uni engineering department standards for students. Colleges are just an administrative mean to compile all applications and take care of your non-academic matters, such as food and accommodation.

      Some colleges may float your boat- some are more medieval/modern, some have a longer history than rest (some as old 800 years, and the youngest about 50 years old), some may located nearer to town, some are bigger or richer (depending on their individual endowment).

      Frankly if there is a college you particularly like, it will be better to apply to it directly. Ultimately, colleges are also very much similar than they are different. After all, engineering lectures are all conducted common in the engineering department.

      • Hello Shaun,
        Thanks for your advice.In the end ,I applied to St Catherine.Haven’t heard from them yet.But am preparing myself for interviews anyways.Going through your interview experience has been very helpful .I am also reading books.Fingers crossed,I will receive an interview.Have a good Sunday.

    • Hi Sebastian,

      How was your interview? Care to share? It’s always interesting to see how the interviews go on throughout the years. 🙂

      Anyway, the TSA is like a mini SAT exam, there are MCQ as well as essay components. For the MCQ part, you will be better off going through the taster questions on the TSA website. You will also be given a list of essay questions, but you will only need to do one out of the four assigned to your chosen major/course.

      Topics varies between years, I wrote an argumentative related to global energy in my year, but don’t bet on that coming out this year. Be rest assured it’s all related to your field of study.

  4. Hello

    I am actually a polytechnic student too. I studied for a diploma in law at TP, and did not put too much hope when applying to read Law at Wolfson, Cambridge. Lo and behold, I just received an email informing that they wanted me to go down for an interview. I opted to travel over the UK for the interview because I wasn’t able to rush the SAQ down by the deadline for the Singapore interviews.

    I’ve got a subject test, a subject interview and a college interview on the 10th of December. Hectic day…

    And I see that you’re an engineering student, but would you have tips to spare for the college interview? Haha. How would this differ from the subject interview, if any?
    Have you, perhaps, also heard anything about the law interviews? 🙂 It’d be really nice to get a perspective of Cambridge, from someone who also attended poly.

    Thanks in advance 🙂
    Adam

  5. Hello Shaun!
    I have enrolled for Engineering in Homerton College and I was called for an interview last week. I am going to have two subjects interviews and the TSA. I would be pleased if you could give me some advices to prepare myself for the subjects interviews. Thanks!

  6. Hello Shaun,
    Thanks for advise on your blog.My son has received an offer for Engineering from Cambridge and from Imperial(Mech). The general view is that Imperial has a better programme.It is a tough choice for him to make.Any views?
    Thanks
    Raj

  7. Hi Shaun

    I used to read your blog last year and yes it inspires me to further my studies. Right now i am working, well it has been 5 years.. I had thought of applying to NUS and NTU as a matured applicant into civil & environmental engineering; either major as i have studied Diploma in CEE in NP. Could you give me pointers and advise at how i could write a good personal statement? Thank you Shaun.

  8. Hey Shaun,
    Thanks for your site, it’s really helpful and it’s fun to read about your interview, nobody said it on top, but you’re pretty impressive mate! Good thinking!

    I’ve received an interview at Cambridge, I’ve applied for chemical engineering via natural sciences… I was wondering about the type of interview I will get, since the Chemical Engineering course cannot totally be considered as an “engineering” course, neither as a “natural sciences” one… I don’t suppose I will be discussing jet engines, but don’t know specially what!
    Have you got any friends from CHMENG that could give me a few tips and advice?
    It would greatly help me, thanks a lot,
    Arthur
    Arthur

  9. Great blog. Your interview seems amazing!

    I have a question and i was wondering if you could help me.

    I have in interview with Cambridge for engineering, and their is a short mathematical exam i have to sit.

    What can you tell me about this exam?

    Thank you

  10. Thanks for your sharing, that helps a lot ! By the way I am going to apply Clare College for Engineering this year (2014), what preparation work do you think I should have completed before heading to interview ? (hopefully I will be invited haha)

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